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Tuesday, October 20, 2020 | History

3 edition of Component improvement of free-piston Stirling engine key technology for space power found in the catalog.

Component improvement of free-piston Stirling engine key technology for space power

Component improvement of free-piston Stirling engine key technology for space power

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Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, For sale by the National Technical Information Service in [Washington, D.C.], [Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Stirling engines.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementDonald L. Alger.
    SeriesNASA technical memorandum -- 100950
    ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination1 v.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17097778M

    Popular Science Hot Air Engine: A free blueprint of a Stirling Engine from a edition of Popular Science. 6 Pgs kB: Ross Sterling Engines: This 68 page book by Andy Ross discusses all the details about the theory and practice of building Stirling Engines, from tiny nodels, to propulsion engines for some fairly large boats. 6 Pgs kB. DEFINITION AND NOMENCLATURE A Stirling engine is a mechanical device which operates on a closed regenerative thermodynamic cycle with cyclic compression and expansion of the working fluid at different temperature levels. The flow of working fluid is controlled only by the internal volume changes.

    Free-Piston Stirling Component Test Power Converter Test Results and Potential Stirling Applications Free-piston Stirling power converters have the potential to meet the many future space power requirements for a wide variety of applications with less mass, better efficiency, and less total area than other power converter options. Stirling engines on small scales that hobbyists build them, tend to be fairly delicate in a balance between the the amount of power it produces, the weight and balance of the fly wheel and the friction throughout the entire system so there will undoubtedly be problems with your new engine, especially if this is the first one you built.

    A free-piston engine is a linear, 'crankless' internal combustion engine, in which the piston motion is not controlled by a crankshaft but determined by the interaction of forces from the combustion chamber gases, a rebound device (e.g., a piston in a closed cylinder) and a load device (e.g. a gas compressor or a linear alternator).. The purpose of all such piston engines is to generate power.   The first generation of hardware in the Large Free-Piston Stirling Engine ( kW per cylinder) program, shown above, was the Space Power Demonstrator Engine (SPDE). The SPDE was a free-piston Stirling engine coupled to a linear alternator. It was a double cylinder, opposed-piston convertor designed to produce 25 kWe at 25% overall efficiency.


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Component improvement of free-piston Stirling engine key technology for space power Download PDF EPUB FB2

Free-Piston Stirling Engines (FPSEs) have recently attracted attention as a promising energy conversion technology because of their desirable characteristics such as high efficiency, high reliability, and easy and quiet operation. FPSE are truly a closed cycle system that works using variations in the internal pressure to drive the power piston that is connected to the reciprocating magnets in Cited by: 1.

A Stirling engine is a heat engine that is operated by a cyclic compression and expansion of air or other gas (the working fluid) at different temperatures, resulting in a net conversion of heat energy to mechanical work. More specifically, the Stirling engine is a closed-cycle regenerative heat engine with a permanently gaseous working fluid.

Closed-cycle, in this context, means a. Conventional Stirling engines use a gaseous working fluid such as air hydrogen or helium. Substantial improvement in specific output may be gained through the use of a compound working fluid with one component changing phase from liquid to vapor in transition from the cold compression space to the hot expansion space.

In this study, a micro-CHP system based on a Stirling convertor was designed to provide 1 kW e electrical power at approximately 38% fuel-to-electricity efficiency and kW of thermal energy at 80 °C.

Fig. 1 describes the Stirling power generation system configuration (Fig. 1a) and the layout for a micro-CHP system (Fig.

1b). For the Stirling power generation system, it operates with three Cited by:   Free-piston Stirling technology for space power An overview is presented of the NASA Lewis Research Center free-piston Stirling engine activities directed toward space power. This work is being carried out under NASA's new Civil Space Technology Initiative (CSTI).

The overall goal of CSTI's High Capacity Power element is to develop the technology base needed to meet the long duration. Free Piston Stirling Engines The story of a novel remote power solution wasn’t the only change that was needed to prepare the Stirling Cycle technology for remote power generation,” said Isaac Garaway, PhD, Chief Technology Officer for Qnergy.

stages of planning for their proposed Deep Space Missions. There were many needs to be. few years. NASA will use a free piston design and use radioisotopes to fuel the engines itself.

They use this Stirling Convertor for its high efficiency and its low amount of moving mechanical parts. This allows for it to run a little longer than some of the other engines they have.

The. Free-Piston Stirling Engine Technology Qnergy's Free-Piston Stirling Engine (FPSE) generator can transform virtually any heat source into electricity. Once heat is applied to the FPSE the heat exchangers maintain a temperature differential across the engine causing the helium to shuttle back-and-forth inside the engine, expanding and contracting.

a Stirling engine to function as an electric generator. Stirling engines operate on a regenerative thermodynamic cycle where the working fluid is enclosed within the engine. Fluid flow is modulated by changing volumes within the engine.

The two pistons of the engine are exposed to a hot source and cold source, respectively. “I chose the Piston Power program for my DA40NG because it enabled me to build a fixed maintenance expense into my shared use business model.

My plane is shared with three other pilots, who pay me a monthly rate for airplane access up to hours/year each. The fixed maintenance cost is built into this rate. A Low-temperature Difference (LTD) engine is sort of a variation of the Gamma Type Stirling engine with the power cylinder usually moved on top of the displacer cylinder.

But because they are designed to run on small temperature differences, they are shorter and a lot wider than flame heated engines.

Abstract: In order to satisfy the requirement of power system for deep-space exploration, key issues for designing free piston Stirling engine were analyzed.

With the thermodynamic and kinetic coupling designing ideas, we designed a set of free piston Stirling engine whose output power is W at operating pressures 8bar, hot space temperatures K, and cold space temperatures K.

The ASC consists of a Free-Piston Stirling engine integrated with a linear alternator to produce electricity. It is sized for the thermal output of a single General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) module. To date, Sunpower has produced five generations of ASC-related hardware evolving the technology progressively with each build.

The Stirling engine that I made is beta type where the displacer and piston is in the same cylinder. There are many types of Stirling engine but all works in the same process. It relies on expansion and contraction of gas inside a confined space.

When the air inside the cylinder is heated it will expand and when cooled it contract. This paper presents a detailed review on free piston Stirling engines (FPSEs) technology.

Generally, the Stirling engines can be categorized into two broad classes comprising kinematic and dynamic converters among which FPSEs are known as the dynamic type. Stirling engines work using the heat energy as the energy input and are based on the Stirling cycle. It is proposed to develop a Stirling engine for a kW e electrical output.

a free-piston Stirling engine model of the ASC and can be used with a MATLAB GUI for analysis and planning of space power systems. Limitations. The Sage model and MATLAB phasor analysis assumes the Stirling engine and linear alternator operation is purely sinusoidal.

Sage is. friction in the engine and air leakage out of the engine. The purpose of this project was to develop a model of the stirling engine that accurately predicts the effects of leakage and friction on engine performance. 1 Stirling Engines Figure 1 shows a simple schematic of a stirling engine with key parameters noted.

The. There are a lot of home machine shops and small machine shops with enough capability to make a small Stirling engine that produces some power. Designing Stirling Engines is Difficult. The big difficulty in building a good do-it-yourself Stirling engine is finding a suitable design that is.

by the Stirling cycle. In free-piston engines this power is typically extracted through the linear alternator. Process is a constant volume heat removal process in which the displacer moves gas from the hot to the cold side, through the regenerator, while the piston remains still.

Stirling engine but have probably never tried to teach it to a group of high school seniors or juniors before, so we would have to make sure the language and explanation of concepts agreed with the student and teacher’s education level.

We need to base this lab around the fact that we can create this Stirling engine out of really basic.The Stirling cycle offers an attractive power conversion concept for space power needs. Discussed here is the completion of the Space Power Demonstrator Engine (SPDE) testing-culminating in the generation of 25 kW of engine power from a dynamically-balanced opposed-piston Stirling engine at a temperature ratio of   The first of these, the Component Test Power Converter (CTPC), initiated testing in Spring to evaluate mechanical operation at space operating temperatures.

This paper reviews the testing of the CTPC at MTI and the companion testing of the earlier technology engine, the Space Power Research Engine (SPRE) at NASA‐LeRC.